OpenAI’s GPT Store Is Triggering Copyright Complaints

For the previous few months, Morten Blichfeldt Andersen has spent many hours scouring OpenAI’s GPT Store. Since it launched in January, the marketplace for bespoke bots has crammed up with a deep bench of helpful and typically quirky AI instruments. Cartoon mills spin up New Yorker–type illustrations and vivid anime stills. Programming and writing assistants supply shortcuts for crafting code and prose. There’s additionally a shade evaluation bot, a spider identifier, and a courting coach known as RizzGPT. Yet Blichfeldt Andersen is looking just for one very particular sort of bot: Those constructed on his employer’s copyright-protected textbooks with out permission.

Blichfeldt Andersen is publishing director at Praxis, a Danish textbook purveyor. The firm has been embracing AI and created its personal customized chatbots. But it’s at the moment engaged in a recreation of whack-a-mole within the GPT Store, and Blichfeldt Andersen is the person holding the mallet.

“I’ve been personally searching for infringements and reporting them,” Blichfeldt Andersen says. “They just keep coming up.” He suspects the culprits are primarily younger individuals importing materials from textbooks to create customized bots to share with classmates—and that he has uncovered solely a tiny fraction of the infringing bots within the GPT Store. “Tip of the iceberg,” Blichfeldt Andersen says.

It is straightforward to search out bots within the GPT Store whose descriptions recommend they is perhaps tapping copyrighted content material ultimately, as Techcrunch famous in a latest article claiming OpenAI’s retailer was overrun with “spam.” Using copyrighted materials with out permission is permissable in some contexts however in others rightsholders can take authorized motion. WIRED discovered a GPT known as Westeros Writer that claims to “write like George R.R. Martin,” the creator of Game of Thrones. Another, Voice of Atwood, claims to mimic the author Margaret Atwood. Yet one other, Write Like Stephen, is meant to emulate Stephen King.

When WIRED tried to trick the King bot into revealing the “system prompt” that tunes its responses, the output advised it had entry to King’s memoir On Writing. Write Like Stephen was capable of reproduce passages from the guide verbatim on demand, even noting which web page the fabric got here from. (WIRED couldn’t make contact with the bot’s developer, as a result of it didn’t present an e-mail handle, telephone quantity, or exterior social profile.)

OpenAI spokesperson Kayla Wood says it responds to takedown requests towards GPTs made with copyrighted content material however declined to reply WIRED’s questions on how continuously it fulfills such requests. She additionally says the corporate proactively seems to be for drawback GPTs. “We use a combination of automated systems, human review, and user reports to find and assess GPTs that potentially violate our policies, including the use of content from third parties without necessary permission,” Wood says.

New Disputes

The GPT retailer’s copyright drawback might add to OpenAI’s present authorized complications. The firm is dealing with quite a few high-profile lawsuits alleging copyright infringement, together with one introduced by The New York Times and a number of other introduced by completely different teams of fiction and nonfiction authors, together with massive names like George R.R. Martin.

Chatbots provided in OpenAI’s GPT Store are primarily based on the identical expertise as its personal ChatGPT however are created by outdoors builders for particular capabilities. To tailor their bot, a developer can add further info that it could possibly faucet to reinforce the data baked into OpenAI’s expertise. The strategy of consulting this extra info to answer an individual’s queries known as retrieval-augmented technology, or RAG. Blichfeldt Andersen is satisfied that the RAG recordsdata behind the bots within the GPT Store are a hotbed of copyrighted supplies uploaded with out permission.